Gone are those days when we bought drones only for playing purposes. Many different professionals now buy it for other purposes like photography, videography, etc.
Nowadays, drones are also used to carry things. But buying a drone for taking things depends on what you want to take and figuring out the weight that a specific drone can support.
So in this article, I will be telling you about the different drones and how much weight they can carry.
How much weight can drones carry?
The maximum weight that a drone can carry is expressed as payload. The carrying capacity depends on the type of drone you are looking at and its design. Every drone is made to have a load according to the principal purpose for which it was created.
The carrying capacity of a small hobby drone is 0.6 to 4.4 pound, e.g., DJI Mavic Pro, DJI Phantom 4, etc., while for a professional drone is up to 485 pounds, e.g., DJI Matrice 600 Pro, etc. However, the payload capacity of drones varies from drone to drone.
Micro-drones are not made to carry weight but are still resourceful and helpful in rescue missions. Professional payload drones are built to move different things that vary in their heaviness.
There are different kinds of drones with other functions and specifications, which undoubtedly affect the weight they are ready to lift and transfer.
Factors determining the weight that a drone can carry?
Different factors determine the weight carrying capacity of drones. The main factors among them would be the engine power, the dimensions and amount of propellers, battery, and the drone’s weight. The factor that needs to be kept in mind is that the propeller thrust should be twice the total weight of the drone and the payload.
Drones should also know how to deal with air pressure, wind, and moisture because all this can drastically influence your drone.
Drones designed to lift heavy items need to have a battery life with a bigger capacity, adding weight to the drone.
Heavy lift drones with extra weight that they need to carry should have a solid and durable drone frame than the conventional lightweight construction of these hobby drones.
One important thing that needs to consider is that if a drone carries more than it should, it reduces the flight time and affects its stability. Take-off weight is the heftiest capacity that a drone can handle for it to fly without any complications.
Hobby Drones for carrying weight
Hobby drones are generally made for the general public. Manufacturers are focusing on increasing their flight duration and range, but it will increase its prices.
Manufacturers don’t pay attention to things like payload(additional weight). Hobby drones aren’t made and equipped to take another load. Because looking at its arrangement, you can see that payload is already used by its equipment inform of the camera or an extra battery.
So if you will try to fly a hobby drone by adding extra weight, it will drastically reduce the flight time and stabilization.
You must also note that there is legislation by FAA regulations, which need approval for several drones just how much they could wait.
Therefore these drones are primarily designed and used to teach us the fundamentals of flying, taking photographs, and having fun. However, they still have the capacity of lifting payloads relative to their size. With hobby drones, you can send a letter or even a small gift to another person.
Beginner’s drone can lift approximately 200 to 300 g of extra weight with no problem. Drones that are popular among recreational flying pilots may take about 3 to 5 pounds of payload.
Professional Drones for carrying weight
Professional drones are mainly designed for industrial and military purposes. They are specially designed to carry additional weight while flying. That extra weight can be a camera to film, inspect or monitor. It can also carry sensors, LiDar system, Drone mapping technology, or other elements useful for industrial jobs.
Their original purpose is to carry weight, and so their batteries are designed to handle that extra weight and don’t lose flight time while flying. Some drones can carry 6 kg while their weight is only 10 kg which is more than 50%.
The professional drones, on average, can carry upto 18kg. In 2017, the drone company Griff Aviation established the Griff 300 version UAV that may carry around 500 pounds (226kg) of payload weight. Griff 300 is an 8-propeller UAV with immense power. And another exciting thing about this drone is that it can sustain 45 minutes of air time.
Different types of drones and weights they can carry
Different types of drones are available in the market, but all are divided into these three categories.
These trick drones are best for children and beginner amateurs. They are safe for flying indoor and are affordable but restricted with the flight time of 8 to 10 minutes. This drone is not intended to carry a payload, but it can take approximately 4 to 6 grams of weight.
E.g., Cheerson CX-10
These drones are between the professional and the consumer drones and are the most common in the market. These possess the capability to carry a payload. And if you are a photographer, you can easily add things like a GoPro or a gimbal. This drone is also known as the hexacopter, and it can carry up to 3 kilograms, which is more than enough to carry a GoPro camera. Its flight time is about 25minutes.
E.g., DJI S900
Heavy payload drones
These drones are mainly for carrying heavy payloads but are costly. These drones are used primarily for video making and are used mainly in the film industry. They are also used to capture shots that would otherwise be impossible to capture without the help of the drone.
E.g., Alta 8
There is no definite answer to the question of how much weight a drone can carry. It all depends on the size of the drone, its purpose, and its specifications.
There are different ways to improve and customize to serve payload requirements for your drone, such as by upgrading motors and batteries. You can also boost it by incorporating more rotors like hexacopter drones.
Adding multiple rotors provides stability to the drone, which can be helpful to keep the onboard technology safe in some situations. But One of the most significant drawbacks in professional drones is flight time which is reduced by half by the weight, and the batteries, therefore, last short.